Major disease insist on prevention and control of combining will expand coverage for early detection treated early
On September 26, AIDS, tuberculosis, cancer and other major disease serious threat to people's health, is deployed to carry out the implementation scheme of the curb the spread of HIV (
'The action plan to stop TB (
'' health action - China
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Cancer prevention plan (
, September 23, the national health committee convened the national TV phones major disease prevention and control work, the national health committee, deputy director li bin to attend the meeting and delivered a speech.
He pointed out that HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and cancer prevention and control work is of great significance, to insist on prevention, to improve prevention and treatment, tubes, teaching comprehensive prevention and control system;
Insist on prevention, expand coverage for early detection treated early;
Insist on defense from spreading, strengthen the department coordination;
Adhere to the control group control, widely mobilize social participation.
Is the floorboard of the categories of disease, cancer, according to data from the national cancer center in new cancer cases every year, more than 3. 5 million, more than 2 million deaths, the grim situation of prevention and control.
The most common cancer in China, including lung cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, cervical cancer, thyroid cancer, etc.
In recent years, lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer incidence was significantly upward trend, liver cancer, gastric cancer and esophageal cancer rates remain high.
Despite the carcinogenic factors are complicated, including chemistry, physics, and chronic infections such as external factors as well as the genetic, immune, its own factors such as age, lifestyle, but cancer is preventable, can be done in tertiary prevention of cancer prevention and control, primary prevention is the cause of prevention, reducing of external adverse factors, damage;
Secondary prevention is early detection, early diagnosis, early treatment;
Tertiary prevention is to improve the quality of life and prolong survival time.
The advanced international experience shows that aggressive prevention (
Such as health education, tobacco control limit alcohol, early screening, etc. )
, standard treatment measures, to reduce morbidity and mortality of cancer has a significant effect.
In addition, the specification of cancer check-up to early detection of cancer, the current technology to the most common types of cancer can be found early, such as using low-dose spiral CT can check for lung cancer, chest ultrasonography combined with mammography screening for breast cancer, stomach and can check the digestive tract cancer, etc.
Cancer medical professionalism strong, pay attention to individualized and effective, should choose professional medical institutions.
Early detection treated early is the key to improve cancer survival rates.
Cancer treatment effect and survival time is closely related to cancer found that sooner or later, found that the sooner, the better therapeutic effect, the longer survival time.
The health action - China
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Cancer prevention plan (
'Put forward and the implementation of early detection treated early promotion action, strengthen screening a long-term mechanism.
Including formulating key cancer early detection guide treated early.
For high incidence, screening and mature technical scheme comparison of gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer and other key cancer, organizations formulate unified standard screening and early detection of treated early technical guidelines, popularization and application in the country.
Will also accelerate the early cancer screening and early detection treated early.
For the region around the high incidence, early treatment cost efficiency good, easy screening of cancer, gradually expand the coverage of screening and early detection treated early.
Pilot for cancer screening and early detection, early treated early ability to improve construction project.
Supporting the construction of county-level hospitals screening and early detection of cancer treated early center, carried out in pilot areas of esophageal cancer, gastric cancer opportunistic screening.
Subsequent strengthen screening diagnosis and treatment of continuity, screening out the cancer patient referral to the relevant medical institutions in time, improve the effect of screening and early detection treated early.
By 2022, the high incidence area key cancer early detection rate of 55% or more, rural women two school-age cancer screening to cover over 80% of the county.
Li stressed that to strengthen the prevention and control effect, on the basis of guided by the important and difficult problems in prevention and treatment, prevention and control of innovation strategy, concentrate superior strength to overcome difficult.
Li bin, are required to strengthen organizational leadership, team construction, scientific innovation, treatment guarantee, information sharing and to evaluate, all measures to ensure fine implementation.