China's urban medical hardware environment competitiveness rankings
In 2020, a sudden new crown pneumonia outbreak swept across the country, even in the snowy plateau of Tibet.
This outbreak is a disaster, but also a test, medical hardware resources to win the war plague play a decisive role.
Recently, the city and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences research competitiveness research center issued 'China hardware city medical environment competitiveness report' (
Hereinafter referred to as 'report')
Report found that China's urban medical hardware environment competitiveness overall level is low, general medical and health resources exist obvious phenomenon of uneven distribution, the whole medical hardware environment of the cities to improve competitiveness level.
The report to the national more than 286 of l7 cities (
Excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan)
Compares the medical hardware environment competitiveness analysis.
According to medical hardware environment is by building a more comprehensive competitiveness index, with a number of doctors and number doctors per ten thousand people (
The basic medical conditions)
, hospital beds and hospital beds per ten thousand people (
The basic medical conditions)
, the number of 3 armour hospital (
High quality medical resources)
And the floating population health records coverage (
Inclusive health coverage)
Six measures of breakdown.
, according to a report in 2019 more than 286 l7 cities in China medical hardware environment competitiveness index mean value is 0.
180, the variation coefficient of 0.
714, the median is 0.
155, the medical hardware environment competitiveness overall level is low.
Our country is still more than half medical hardware environment of the city competitiveness index under average level.
From medical hardware environment competitiveness index in 2019, Beijing, Shanghai, tianjin, taiyuan, chongqing, guangzhou, wuhan, chengdu, hangzhou, xian among the top 10.
Former top 10 cities of regional distribution, four territory all ranks and more on top of Beijing in the first place, the rest are capital cities.
Except the top 10 cities, also leading provincial cities.
From the doctor has several indicators ranked the top ten cities are Beijing, Shanghai, chongqing, chengdu, guangzhou, hangzhou, tianjin, wuhan, jinan and shijiazhuang, in terms of population size are of big city and megalopolis, in terms of administrative levels, municipality directly under the central and eastern provincial capital advantage obviously, all is one, the second-tier cities, and suggests that the medical personnel resources are more abundant.
Look from number doctors per ten thousand people at the bottom, the top ten cities were shuangyashan, zhoushan, taiyuan, karamay, haikou, jinan, hangzhou, Beijing, kunming, urumqi and, in the majority with prefecture level and regional capital cities, and three or four line city accounts for the main body.
Population and the scale are type II and type I city.
From the hospital beds indicators ranked the top ten cities were in chongqing, Shanghai, chengdu, Beijing, zhengzhou, guangzhou, wuhan, Harbin, changsha and hangzhou, mainly in eastern and central city, give priority to with provincial capital cities and municipalities directly under the central government, are very large and super-large urban population scale, and a relatively large, second-tier cities, ranking is in the lead.
From the data index ranking per ten thousand people, the top ten cities, respectively, changsha, taiyuan, zhengzhou, panzhihua, chengdu, kunming, xining, hegang, urumqi and yoann, mainly in the majority with Midwestern cities, the obvious advantages, the western provincial capital cities in population size aspect mainly Ⅰ and Ⅱ cities, and are the first-tier cities.
From the 3 armour hospital several indicators ranked the top ten cities: Beijing, tianjin, Shanghai, guangzhou, wuhan, nanchang, shenzhen, xian, hangzhou, taiyuan and the eastern region is still in the majority, large cities in terms of population size of main body, the administrative level municipality directly under the central government and provincial capital cities still advantage prominent, and the top ten cities is a, second-tier cities.
From the health records of the floating population coverage index ranking the top ten, jingmen, zaozhuang city suzhou, huaibei, shaoguan, zhanjiang, zhang ye, yichun, shuangyashan and xingtai.
Through these six indicators, to analyze its medical hardware environment related to the following factors: the administrative level, city scale, city level and medical hardware environmental competitiveness is associated;
Different region, city medical hardware environment resources especially the amount of high quality medical and health resources and the per capita level, urban differences in health services inclusive of floating population;
Urban agglomeration development level and medical hardware environment competitiveness is not entirely positive correlation;
Combined with epidemic data and found that the distance of 12 wuhan people obvious effect and level effect, and each receives from wuhan city out of proportion with the number of confirmed cases are related.
Analysis its reason mainly includes: one is the insufficient investment in terms of health in China.
In late 2019 began ravaging the new coronavirus pneumonia caused by the public as to the discussion of national medical and health care environment.
In 2018, according to the IMF, China's total health expenditure of general government and 7.
07%, well below the western developed countries, the United States, Japan and Singapore for proportion of total health expenditure of general government reached 24.
80% and 13.
And in poor health service conditions of India, the government health expenditure of public finance expenditure of 4.
2 it is to keep the total and per capita level of coordination and synchronization remains to be further strengthened.
In a big city development and improvement of hospital beds and other resources at the same time, pay attention to the per capita level of synchronization and matching.